The ankle is a hinge joint that allows the foot to move in multiple directions: away from the body as in pointing your foot (plantar flexion) and toward the body (dorsiflexion).Read More
Below the ankle joint, the subtalar joint allows for lateral motions of the foot (inversion and eversion). Further, joints in the midfoot and forefoot allow for complex motions of the foot and ankle. Foot and ankle stability is maintained by complex ligament and tendon anatomy to support the ankle and arches of the feet.
Ankle pain could be caused by an injury like a sprain, or by a medical condition such as arthritis. Here are the most common causes of foot and ankle pain:
An ankle sprain is one of the most common causes of ankle pain and makes up 85 percent of all ankle injuries. A sprain occurs when your ligaments tear or get overstretched.Read More
Ligaments help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement between bones. Most ankle sprains are lateral sprains, which occur when your foot rolls inward, causing the outside of your ankle to twist toward the ground. This action stretches or tears the ligaments and is often associated with a “popping” feeling. Immediate swelling over the area of injury often occurs and the pain can be severe. Ligament injuries range from partial to complete tears. Occasionally, a fracture of the foot occurs with a severe ankle sprain.
tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon. Tendinitis of the ankle usually involves the Achilles tendon, the posterior tibial tendon located on the inside of the foot, or the peroneal tendon located on the outside of the foot.Read More
Ankle tendonitis usually results from trauma, such as from sudden injury in sports or an overuse injury from running and jumping. It can also result from underlying inflammatory diseases. All forms of tendonitis can cause pain, swelling, and tenderness in the tendon in question. Ongoing pain in tendons is often due to tendinopathy.
The ankle joint is subject to symptomatic arthritis at a much lower rate than the other major weight-bearing joints in the lower extremity.Read More
Arthritis of the midfoot joints and the great toe joint can occur.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue called the plantar fascia that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes.Read More
Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain in the heel that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning or after prolonged sitting. Once you get up and move, the pain normally decreases, but it might return after long periods of standing or sitting. Plantar fasciitis is more common in runners and those who have a flattened arch in their foot. Also, people that are overweight and those who wear shoes with inadequate support have an increased risk of plantar fasciitis.
This type of fracture is often not visible on x-rays but can cause significant pain and therefore is difficult to accurately diagnose.Read More
They are often caused by repeated stress on the foot or ankle such as excessive running or jumping especially on harder surfaces. They may occur in athletes following a sudden or large increase in training time. The pain is usually sharp and localized to a specific area.
Neuroma is an enlargement or thickening of a nerve in the foot in the area between the toes — usually the third interspace between the third and fourth toes.Read More
It most commonly occurs in women often due to poor fitting and/or high heel shoes. Other causes Morton’s neuroma may be caused by improper walking form or an unusual foot structure such as excessive pronation. Symptoms include sharp pain when walking and numbness.
Physiotherapy is proven to decrease pain, aid in recovery, and deal with both acute and chronic issues with the foot and ankle.Read More
Orthotics can also be useful for improving an alignment of the foot and ankle. An ankle brace for both acute and chronic injuries can be helpful.
A registered physiotherapist can provide you with an assessment of your foot and ankle to determine the best treatment.
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