Back Pain Treatment & Therapy

Over 80% of the population will suffer from lower back pain in their lifetime. Back pain can come on suddenly and last for up to six weeks (called acute pain), due to a fall or heavy lifting. Back pain can also be chronic, lasting for over three months.

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Lumbar Herniated Disc

The jelly-like centre of a lumbar disc can break through the outer layer and compress a nearby nerve root causing an inflammatory response and pain radiating down the leg.

Degenerative Disc Disease

As the discs age over time, they lose their water content and wear down. Consequently, they cannot resist forces and transfers loads to the disc wall that may develop tears causing pain and disc herniation. The disc can also collapse and contribute to stenosis.

Facet Joint Dysfunction

There are two facet joints behind each disc that join two vertebrae in the lumbar spine. These joints have cartilage between the bones and are surrounded by ligaments, which contain many nerves.

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Spondylolysis

This condition occurs when one vertebra slips over the adjacent one. The most common type is secondary to a defect or fracture of the pars (between the facet joints) or mechanical instability of the facet joints (degenerative).

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Osteoarthritis

This condition results from wear and tear of the facet joints. It causes pain, inflammation, instability, and stenosis to a variable degree, and can occur at a single level or multiple levels of the lower spine.

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Curvature of the Spine

This includes scoliosis or kyphosis. The deformity may be associated with lower back pain if it leads to the breakdown of the discs, facet joints, or stenosis.

Physiotherapy Treatment

Management of the above conditions has been proven to be helpful in relieving pain, speeding up recovery, and rehabilitating chronic issues. Treatment involves education, self-care management, exercise therapy, and manual therapy and spinal manipulation are commonly used by a registered physiotherapist to treat back pain.

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To book an appointment, Call Us today at 416-691-3943 or contact us here.